Quantum Computation

Although quantum mechanics was invented to describe atoms more than a century ago, a physical object does not have to be small to behave quantum mechanically, and superconductors are perhaps the best know example of this. Superconducting devices used as qubits for storage and processing of quantum information are made of millions of atoms, and most of the circuitry is so large that it is almost visible to the naked eye. Consequently, these devices are relatively easy to manufacture, and we can use centimeter radio waves, i.e. microwaves very similar to those used in cooking and mobile telephones, to programme and control the evolution of these devices.

quantum Computation

Our quantum circuits will be cast on-site in a ‘quantum foundry’, by depositing thin layers of aluminum on an insulating substrate of silicon or sapphire. At very low temperature aluminum is superconducting, and by inserting Josephson junctions in the circuit a non-linear analog of a conventional electronic LC oscillator is obtained. This circuit acts like an artificial atom, whose energy levels (wave-functions) can be used to encode quantum information. Any two levels can serve as a qubit, and because the potential is not harmonic (neither is the Coulomb potential in an atom) these levels can be individually addressed using microwaves (‘talking to qubits by radio’). Even at the extremely low temperature inside our dilution refrigerators (10 milli-Kelvin) these circuits can only remain in a coherent superconducting state for some microseconds, before unavoidable interactions with the environment destroys the coherence.  However, since it only takes a few nanoseconds to manipulate the state of the quantum oscillator this is sufficient time to execute hundreds of controlled quantum operations.

Quantum Computation Group

Andrew Lutken
Prof. Dr Andrew Lütken

Executive Director
Quantum Computation

P.O. Box: 9639, Masdar City, Abu Dhabi (UAE)
Andrew.Lutken@tii.ae

Prof. Lütken is Executive Director of the Quantum Computation group. Prior to joining the Technology Innovation Institute, he has held a number of positions: Fellow and Assistant Professor at the Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen (Denmark); Fellow, Visiting Researcher and Scientific Associate at the European Organization for Nuclear Research in Geneva (Switzerland); Senior Research Fellow at Jesus College in Oxford (United Kingdom); and Visiting Researcher at the University of Barcelona (Spain). He earned his PhD from the University of Texas at Austin (United States) and has been a Professor in the Department of Physics at the University of Oslo (Norway) since 1993.

Dr Boulos Alfakes

Senior Researcher

Open PhD and Postdoctoral Positions

The Quantum Computation group is seeking well-qualified quantum Engineers to assist in the design, simulation and measurement of novel superconducting components for quantum processing or experimental  support infrastructure. Familiarity with experimental laboratory work, including preparation, handling and installation of cryogenic systems and in electronic circuits design and realization is required. Experience in superconducting circuits processing is appreciated. Please reach out to Andrew.Lutken@tii.ae to learn more.

Quantum Computation Publications